Notarization is a State certification process whereby State institutions prove ascertain the truthfulness and legality of documents to protect public property and the personal property rights of citizens and lawful interests, in accordance with the law. Notarization is a legal system, whereby a non-litigious activity is conducted by notaries especially established by the state, in accordance with the law and in response to an application of a particular party, to prove the legality of documents and related facts and other legal matters relevant to the notarization. It has the following characteristics:
1. Certification conducted by a notary on behalf of a state.
2. A response to a requisite application by a certain party, as the premise for notarization.
3. The proof is a judicial act, involving legal events, facts or documents with legal consequence.
4. A non-litigious activity.
5. A special type of certification conducted by a special judicial representative in accordance with legal procedure for authentication and general purpose, not restricted by trade, nationality, profession, administrative level or district.
6. Certification as a judicial act without dispute, with legal meaning.
7. Notarized documents are legally effective and universally binding and can be used as evidence with forcible execution. It can also apply to judicial acts that need notarization for legal effect. They are applicable anywhere after authentication by a foreign country's embassy or consulate in China.
8. Notarization is a preventative legal action to keep disputes from occurring by proving the authenticity of a document under dispute through reliable evidence.