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Prison administration

Updated : 2015-06-05

This includes the following:

1. Classification. Prisoners can be classified according to the type of crime, the penalty, length of sentence, behavior, age, gender, and other characteristics, into can be incarcerated and educated as fits the case.

2. Warning, preventive devices and armament. Warnings, including armed warnings, are used by prison police to maintain order and security. Authorities may also decide to take special precautions with guards or by cordoning things off. In addition, they can mobilize the militia, security organizations and the general public near the prison to maintain order and security. It inmates attempt to escape or riot, or if outsiders attempt to break into the facility or stage a riot, prison police can cooperate with forces to put down the unrest. There are also preventive devices for inmates that are inclined to commit dangerous acts, but these are not to be used on inmates who are advanced in age, ill, or handicapped or are minors, under normal circumstances. Nor are they to be used on female inmates, except in rare circumstances. Inmates wearing these preventive devices should not be used for labor organized by prison authorities. And the use of these devices on inmates must be approved by prison authorities. In case of emergency, these devices can be put on inmates before approval is given, but approval must still be sought immediately afterwards. Inmates should not have to wear handcuffs or shackles longer than 7 days or 15 days at the maximum, except for those awaiting execution. Armed police and prison police can use weapons in emergency situations in compliance with legal procedures.

3. Communications and meetings. While serving a sentence, a prisoner can communicate with others, but any correspondence must be screened by authorities, however, letters to prison and judicial authorities should not be screened. In serving a sentence, a prisoner can also meet with relatives or custodians. In principle, they should not meet with people outside the family, unless otherwise approved. In practice, in addition to normal visiting hours, prison authorities can allow a prisoner to visit their family or deal with a family emergency for a period of 3-5 days, but not to exceed 7 days in special circumstances.

4. Living and Hygiene. Adult prisoners normally work eight hours a day, and extended work hours required for production must be approved by prison authorities.

Prisoners have 2 hours of study time and 8 hours of sleep every day. Minors can work half a day and study half a day and sleep time should be no less than 9 hours a day. Minors should not engage in heavy manual labor that is beyond their physical ability, or other work that might affect their physical health. Prisoners should also have time for culture or sports activities every day. Prisoners should also have statutory holidays and weekends off. They should also be provided with food and beverages similar to those provided to workers in similar fields at local State-owned enterprises. Prison kitchens should have a full-time staff and the prison should try to improve the diet of prisoners as much as possible. Prison cells and related facilities should comply with laws or standards on incarceration, sanitation, fire control, earthquake devices, and heating. In addition, prisons should have a clinic or hospitals in accordance with the size of the prison and number of inmates and have the necessary medical equipment, devices and drugs.

5. Rewards and punishment. Prison authorities can reward or punish inmates in compliance with legal procedures, based on the evaluation of a prisoner's behavior or attempt to improve themselves through education and labor. The evaluations can cover a prisoner's ideological outlook, political, cultural and technical education, discipline, and physical labor performance. Rewards can come in the form of public recognition, material incentives or a record of merit in the personal file. Punishment can be warning, a record of demerit in the personal file, or solitary confinement. Any reward or punishment should be recorded correctly in the prisoner's file.