I. Judicial Authentication
For the purposes of strengthening the administration of authenticators and authentication institutions, satisfying the needs of the judicial authorities, citizens and organizations in litigation and ensuring that the litigation activities proceed smoothly, on February 28, 2005, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress deliberated on and adopted the Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on the Administration of Judicial Authentication (hereinafter referred to as the Decision). Article 1 of the Decision stipulates that "judicial authentication refers to the activities where authenticators identify, make judgments and offer expertopinions on technical problems in litigation by using scientific technologies or expertise." This provision mainly has the following five meanings:
1. Judicial authentication is an activity during litigations and takes place in the course of litigations.
2. The subject of judicial authentication is authenticators.
3. The purpose of judicial authentication is to resolve technical issues in litigation.
4. The method of judicial authentication is to identify and make judgment by using scientific and technological means, expertise, professional experience and skills.
5. Authenticators shall provide authentication opinions.